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In short, none of Woodmorappe's arguments make a convincing case against the conclusions of my essay.Futhermore, despite his criticisms of almost every point I have made, Woodmorappe fails to offer an explicit alternative interpretation of the data I have discussed.Thus, in their conviction that evolution has already been thoroughly and sufficiently documented, they sometimes fail to consider how new discoveries might provide evidence for evolution that might be powerfully persuasive to individuals leaning towards creationist beliefs.
The agreement of evolutionary trees constructed from such completely different sorts of data (e.g. (In recognition of this fact, directory publishers routinely include false entries in their directories to trap potential plagiarizers.) Can "errors" in modern species be used as evidence of "copying" from ancient ancestors?For example, one protein called "cytochrome c" has been examined in more than eighty species. However, in both cases errors present in the "originals" appeared in the alleged copies.These cytochrome c amino acid sequences represent "digital" bits of data that can be used to quantify differences between species, and these differences can be used to construct evolutionary trees much like those based on comparisons of "analog" features of body anatomy. The courts judged that it was inconceivable that the same errors could have been made independently by each plaintiff and defendant, and ruled in both cases that copying had occurred.In a posting at the creationist Website "Answers in Genesis," Carl Wieland disputed the idea that shared pseudogenes represent evidence for evolution.The author of this essay wrote a response to Wieland. Creationist "John Woodmorappe" has written a long essay (with 152 references) arguing against the conclusions presented here.