Dating preston lancs

which would appear to date from 1872 has Fred Johnson, Douglas Head Rd, Douglas but no F Johnson, photographer can be found in 1871 census - possible that a grandson of Samuel Johnson, bookseller, came over from Liverpool but also possible that card had been wrongly dated and belongs to the 1880s.

Born Douglas; card back gives address as Fort William Studio Douglas Head Road have seen back of a v.

Initially (until c.1890) most photographs would be cartes-de-visite which were small approximately 80mm x 40mm portrait views on thick card with the back given over to an impressive engraved advertisement for the photographer; later the larger Cabinet Cards (165 x 110mm) became the norm.

Often some indication of a date can be obtained by looking at the address or other information (e.g.

) - thus it is sometimes possible to date photos by comparing these (a task only possible with access to many dated photos e.g. Cartes-de-visite were introduced in the late 1850s and became very popular by the mid 1860s - they were an economic method of placing up to eight exposures on a single 10 x 8 inch glass plate, made possible by the the invention of the sliding plate holder by André Disdéri.

They were also used to illustrate both well known figures and scenery - a role taken over by the postcard at the turn of the century.

Photographers were mostly based in Douglas (by 1890s Finch Road was a Photographers' enclave) with a few in Ramsey; in a couple of cases they had other studios off the Island.

Any age information is drawn from 1881 other census returns - if no town given Douglas is assumed.

1894: Prospect-hill c.1906-1910: Waverley Terrace, Broadway 1910-1911 D.error for 26] 1887: 26 Finch road 1889: 26 Finch rd 1894: 26 Finch road (this address was later used by W Cottier Cubbin)cdv - "E Clarke, Photographic Artist, Douglas, Isle of Man" - at bottom of card "E.Clarke Photo Retford" In 1881 census an Edward Clarke, is shown living at Falcon Cliff Lodge with occupation Photographer(unemployed) 1881: Loch Promenade 1883: Loch parade In some directories a D.Some of his 11 children had emigrated to the USA in 1874 - he, his wife Eliza Doige Dean and other children arrived in New York in Oct 1877, he and most of his family moved onto Cleveland, Ohio where he died following an elevator accident, in 1891. Born Liverpool, christened St Martin's, Everton and came to Douglas with parents c. The Photographic archive at St Andrew's University includes a number of Cartes-de-visite showing Manx topographic views which they date to the mid to late 1860s, if correct then it would appear he set up in business in his early twenties (possibly confusion with father also G. 1906: advert in Io M Times states shop on Queens Promenade but no fiurther reference found (other shops were Victoria Street Broadway) have seen CBC with Gelling Bros Queens Promenade Douglas they were chemists and otherwise unknown as photographers - were they an outlet for Spence Lees (or Art Photographic Co) or another photographer? 1869 - 62 Strand St (Advert in Io M Times, April 1869 onwards) - also offers portraits in oils by Mr W.Not clear if he ever used the Athol St studio as G. Siddals late of Derby)1887 Harrison, Henry Photographic Studio Granville Street.

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